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Introduction to polypropylene
PP156
Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Concrete

The thermal properties of polypropylene

pp7741

he thermodynamic properties of isotactic polypropylene in the fully crystalline, glassy, and molten state are established from 0 to 500 K based on data bank heat capacities and the vibrational frequency spectrum. The seven skeletal vibrations are described by θ3 and θ1 of 91 and 714 K for crystalline polypropylene. For the calculation of Cp − Cv, a Lindemann A0 value of 1.5 × 10−3 K mol/J was found. Calculated and experimental heat capacity data show agreement within an average error of −0.3 ± 1.6%. Glassy polypropylene was similarly treated up to the glass transition temperature at 260 K (θ3 = 78 K, θ1 = 633 K, average heat capacity error −0.6 ± 2.8%). The residual 0 K entropy of glassy polypropylene is 1.9 J/K mol. Partially crystalline polypropylene is shown through high-sensitivity DSC measurements to have a glass transition range from 260 to 380 K.